The advantage of the contrast examination lies in the fact that this test can be done during an office visit and without anaesthetic. When performed by an experienced professional, this method is well tolerated and feels uncomfortable at worst. No anaesthetic is needed for this procedure.
The examination is performed on the gynaecological examining chair a few days before ovulation is expected. After vaginal disinfection, a plastic catheter (tube) is inserted into the uterine cavity. A sugar solution is injected through this catheter. The advancement of this solution along the fallopian tube is often very clearly visible in the ultrasound image.
However, occasionally, it can only be presumed that the fallopian tubes are patent. This is the case when the contrast medium flows out into the abdominal cavity even though the fallopian tubes are not visible
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